Sub-National Integration

Sub-National Integration Community of Practice

Communities of Practice

A Community of Practice (CoP) is a network of engaged experts and practitioners from a sector or working area who come together as a group to regularly engage in peer -to- peer learning to improve their personal and collective group knowledge. The network offers an alternative to conventional knowledge sharing platforms that usually feature top-down development assistance and policy adoption by providing an inclusive member experience. The activities of each CoP focus on peer learning, expert assistance and knowledge exchange through discussions, workshops, seminars, case studies etc. in topics found to be of relevance to the members. There are five CoPs under the Asia LEDS Partnership (ALP).


The Sub-National Integration (SNI) CoP addresses issues and opportunities in effectively integrating multi-level governance, through facilitation of cross-sectoral cooperation and the integration of climate policies and actions between national and subnational governments (vertically and horizontally), as well as with the private sector and civil society for helping countries in the Asia-Pacific region achieve their Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) targets. This is done by bringing together early-mover national and sub-national governments to:

Key SNI CoP Activities

Identify key challenges, barriers and opportunities to integrated governance of climate policies and actions at national and subnational levels in the region

Develop technical assistance and share solutions, learnings and best practices on climate action planning and implementation

Support in establishing coordination with multilateral agencies, donors and philanthropies for implementation of targeted climate policies and actions

Figure: Member Countries of ALP Sub-National Integration

Membership SNI CoP

currently includes 50+ Members From 7 Asian Countries that include

Bangladesh, Bhutan,India, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Mongolia

Glimpses of SNI CoP Activities

Side Event at Conference of Parties (COP) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Madrid (COP 25): Advancing Climate Change Goals through Multi-level Governance and Green Cities

The Asia LEDS Partnership, hosted by ICLEI South Asia, Southeast Asia and East Asia Secretariats, on the 10th of December 2019, supported the Government of Vietnam in convening a session at the NDC Partnership pavilion to showcase success stories and outcomes from Asian countries on vertical linkage / national and sub-national integration / city climate action plan / green cities through various initiatives.

Side Event at Asia – Pacific Climate Week 2021 (APCW2021): Implementation of Transformative Climate Actions in Cities

This session was organized by Asia LEDS Partnership (ALP), under the SNI CoP, and ICLEI - South Asia in partnership with the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA) at the Asia – Pacific Climate Week 2021 (APCW 2021) on 6th July 2021 under track 3, Seizing transformation opportunities. The session showcased the key successes of selected South Asian cities, enabled by national and sub-national policies, in combating climate change and highlighting the role of cities as agents of change.

Technical Assistance to Members under SNI CoP

Climate Resilient City Action Plan (CRCAP) report for Sarpang district, Bhutan and Kurunegala city, Sri Lanka

The Asia LEDS Partnership (ALP), in association with ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability and Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), developed Climate Resilient City Actions Plans (CRCAP) as part of ALP’s “Scaling up Lessons from CapaCITIES” project for the city of Kurunegala, Sri Lanka and Sarpang District, Bhutan. The CRCAP helped Kurunegala and Sarpang in identifying the major sectors responsible for the carbon emissions in the cities, while resilience actions were identified to help the cities to reduce carbon emissions, and to successfully adapt to potential climate impacts in the future.

In addition, ALP also conducted numerous technical training sessions on CRCAP preparation for officials from Kurunegala and Sarpang as well as other cities of Bhutan and Sri Lanka. The technical trainings provided the other cities to learn from the experiences of Kurunegala and Bhutan and incorporate the best practices and learning of the CRCAP in their development models.

First Shared Learning Dialogue for CRCAP preparation, Kurunegala city, 11 July 2019
Stakeholder interviews for Sarpang CRCAP preparation, September 2019

Knowledge Products under SNI CoP

“India’s Policy for Scaling up Energy Efficiency Measures at the Local Level: City of Rajkot, India”

In 2015 the Government of India launched the Street Lighting National Program (SLNP) to reduce energy consumption and GHG emissions from the street lighting sector as part of its National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE). NMEEE is one of the eight national missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) which aims to mitigate climate change through energy efficiency measures.

In January 2019, the state of Gujarat announced Rajkot as the first city in state to carry out street lighting retrofits through SLNP. This study discusses how Rajkot overcame initial implementation challenges for LED Street-light retrofitting programme through a pilot project and the co-benefits that the city continues to enjoy through this large scale intervention while leading the path of low emission, green-growth development. The street-lighting programme was later scaled-up to a city-wide program utilizing ESCO based financial and implementation models. The case study also highlights.

This study discusses the employment of Climate Change Expenditure Tagging (CCET) in Philippines to prioritize and assign codes to climate change programs, activities, and projects (PAPs) in annual budgets of national government agencies (NGAs) and local government units (LGUs.)

Philippines National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP) 2011 to 2028 comprehensively outlines its adaptation and mitigation agenda across seven strategic themes. The need to develop a climate-responsive budget is among the cross-cutting concerns identified in the NCCAP. This is also stipulated in Republic Act 9729, also known as the Climate Change Act of 2009. To this end, Philippines worked CCET into its national system. CCET has benefitted the Philippines to enhance its transparency of tracking budget allotted by the government for climate change and thus leverage resources in areas where it can maximize potential benefits.

“Enhancing Climate Resilience in Sri Lanka and Bhutan SubNational Governments”

This case study discusses in detail the Climate Resilient City Action Plans (CRCAP) prepared for Kurunegala City, Sri Lanka and Sarpang District, Bhutan supported by Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC). The results of the baseline studies conducted in both the cities using the CRCAP methodology and the interventions proposed, keeping in view the vulnerable urban sectors and development pathways of the cities has been highlighted through the study. It is envisaged that the CRCAPs will help the cities to contribute to their respective country’s NDC and SDG targets.

Activities under SNI CoP

Three-part webinar series focusing on Climate planning, Measurement, Reporting & Verification (MRV) and structuring & fund mobilization planned in October-November 2021. Please write to for registering.

Join the

Subnational Integration Community of Practice!

Individual members and organizations from national and subnational government agencies, technical institutions, private firms, NGOs and/or international organizations working on subnational integration, policies and deployment within the city across the Asia region are invited to join the Sub-national Integration (SNI) CoP. Membership is voluntary, free of cost, and unlimited in duration. Sign-up form for SNI CoP.

To know about other Communities of Practice, you can join as an ALP member (as an individual/organization) by completing a cost-free membership sign-up form.


Asia LEDS Partnership Secretariat

ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, South Asia

C-3, Lower Ground Floor, Green Park Extension

New Delhi - 110016, India

+91-11-4106 7220 AsiaLEDSPartnership @AsiaLEDS |